Bibliography and Definitions

Bibliography and definitions
1. Sit to Stands in 30 seconds (STS)

The purpose of this test is to test leg strength and endurance. CDC. ‘Sit to Stands in 30 seconds’.

2. Six minute walk test (6MWT).

The original purpose of the six minute walk was to test exercise tolerance in chronic respiratory disease and heart failure. The test has since been used as a performance-based measure of functional exercise capacity in other populations including healthy older adults, people undergoing knee or hip arthroplasty, fibromyalgia, and scleroderma. It has also been used with children.

Coombes, J and Skinner T. (2015). ‘Six-minute walk test norms’. ESSA’s Student Manual for Health, Exercise and Sport Assessment. Elsevier. Page 360.

3. Hand grip strength.

The purpose of this test is to measure the maximum isometric strength of the hand and forearm muscles. Handgrip strength is important for any activity in which the hands are used for catching, throwing or lifting. Also, as a general rule people with strong hands tend to be strong elsewhere, so this test is often used as a general test of strength.
Massey-Westropp, N and Gill, T. (2011). ‘Hand Grip Strength: age and gender stratified normative data in a population-based study’. (4). 127.

4. Timed Up and Go test.

The purpose of this test is to assess the mobility, balance, walking ability and falls risk in older adults.

Shumway-Cook, A and Woollacott, M, H. (2015). ‘Motor Control’. Timed Up and Go, Functional Gait Assessment norms. 5th edition.

5. BNI- Barrow Neurological Institute Fatigue Scale.

BNI- Barrow Neurological Institute Fatigue Scale is a self reported scale consisting of 10 questions that is used to assess a person who has had a brain injury. The BNI-FS is a relatively new, brief and highly reliable measure of fatigue.

Waljas, M., Inverson, G, L., Hartikainen, K. M., Liimatainen, S., Dastidar, P., Soimakallio, S., & Ohman, J. (2012). Relativity, Validity and clinical usefulness of the BNI fatigue scale in mild traumatic brain injury. Brain injury. 26(7/8). 972-978. Doi: 10.3109/02699052.2012.660511

6. Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS).

FSS- The Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) is a method of evaluating the impact of fatigue. The FSS is a short questionnaire that requires you to rate the level of fatigue. The FSS questionnaire contains nine statements that rate the severity of fatigue symptoms for the client being examined. A low value (e.g., 1) indicates strong disagreement with the statement, whereas a high value (e.g., 7) indicates strong agreement.

7. FIMS- Functional Independence measure score.

The FIM instrument is a basic indicator of severity of disability. It measures the type and amount of assistance required for a person with a disability to perform basic life activities effectively. It is widely used to measure outcomes of rehabilitation.

WeeFIM is the paediatric version of FIM. It is very similar to the adult FIM but differs in its scoring processes in order to take into account the child’s developmental stages.

8. SF36- Short form 36.

The SF-36 is a generic patient-reported outcome measure aimed at quantifying health status, and is often used as a measure of health-related quality of life.

9. TBC- This just states that the assessment has yet to be completed.

10. N/A- This refers to the assessment being “not applicable” to the client’s case.

11. AMTS- Abbreviated mental test score.

The Abbreviated mental test score is a self reported assessment to assess the mental impairment of elderly clients.

Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS). (1993). Occasional Paper (Royal College of General Practitioners), (59), 28.

12. ASIA- American Spinal Injury Association.

The American Spinal Injury Association is a neurological exam widely used to document sensory and motor impairments following spinal cord injury (SCI).

It is used as an international standard of Neurological classification of spinal cord injury.

13. ICF- International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) provides a framework for the conceptualisation, classification and measurement of disability. It recognises disability as a multidimensional and universal experience. Within the ICF framework, a wide range of specificpurpose definitions and applications can be located, developed and related to each other.

SILVA, S.M., ISHIDA CORREA, F., DE MORAIS FARIA, C. C., BUCHALLA, C.M., DA COSTS SILVA, P.F., & FERRARI CORREA, J. C (2015) Evaluation of post-stroke functionality based on Internationsal Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: a proposal for use of assessment tools. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 27(6) 1665-1670

14. SPS- Single point stick

15. 4WW- four wheelie walker